State bicycle trail networks as an element of bicycle planning
For a long time, I've argued that bike-related tourism needs to be covered in bicycle master plans, at the city, county, and state scales. Quebec's Route Verte is one of the models, a route system designed to promote bike-related tourism across the province, supported by a companion tourism development initiative.
I frequently tout Pennsylvania's Great Allegheny Passage, a route from Pittsburgh to Cumberland, Maryland, which then connects to the C&O Canal trail to DC, and the related Trail Towns economic development initiative ("Study: Great Allegheny Passage is 'an economic highway' that generated $121 million in 2019," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette).
Amtrak now will transport bikes on the trains between DC and Pittsburgh, to accommodate trail tourists.
The New York Times recently wrote about New York's Empire State Trail ("There’s a New 750-Mile Bicycle Route in New York. Take a Look"), which made me think about it.
Many counties across the country have bike tourism programs. Maryland counties like Carroll, Caroline, Talbot, and Wicomico are particularly exemplary. Ankeny, Iowa wants to become a bike tourism hub, in association with the nearby High Trestle Trail ("Can Ankeny become central Iowa's bicycle tourism hub?," Des Moines Register, 2019 Ankeny Bicycle Tourism Plan).
For cities, inspired by the Velo Quebec headquarters, and Arlington's "Commuter Stores" and commuter bike centers like in Santa Monica, LA's Union Station, and elsewhere ("LimeBike and "scooter lifestyle stores" as an example of forward marketing for sustainable mobility"), I've believed for a long time that cities should create mixed use "bike hubs."
Not just with secure bike parking, repair, and maybe even sales operations, but coffee shop, biking information, bike tourism functions, bike rental, etc.
When we were bidding on bike share systems, our proposals included the suggestion that the "front end" of "back end" repair and operations center could be this kind of bike hub. And as part of bike tourism, some towns in Iowa are creating similar kinds of bike hubs too ("Windsor Heights bike hub could have cafe, art, music," Des Moines Register). From the article:
The study, conducted by PROS Consulting and Confluence Landscape Architecture & Urban Design, recommends that Windsor Heights' trail hub include:
- A restaurant or cafe with indoor and outdoor seating for 30 to 40 guests;
- Restrooms with lockers, a changing room and bike storage;
- A bike repair station with air pump, hand tools and repair stand;
- Lawn or event space with a covered pavilion or stage;
- An interactive art display or a nature play area.
Salt Lake is exceptional with its the Cycle the City route, signage, and brochure.
Ideally, state, multi-county, and county bike trails would be backbone infrastructure to which sub-county and city bicycle paths and trails would connect.
Subsidies for bike shops. Separately but related, Will comments on the decline of bicycle shops in high cost commercial districts like Capitol Hill, DC.
On transportation demand management grounds, I've thought that bike shops ought to get a property tax break and/or rent subsidies.
Getting such subsidies, in return for support of bike commuting and bike tourism, could be a way of supporting bike shops.