Revisiting bicycle (and pedestrian) planning and the 6th 'E': equity and the City of Minneapolis Bicycle Master Plan
After last year's Bicycle Summit, sponsored by the League of American Bicyclists, I wrote an entry ("Equity as the sixth "E" in bike and pedestrian planning") on the presentation by Nicole Freedman of the City of Boston Bikes initiative and how they position Equity alongside the standard five "E's" of bike planning: Engineering; Education; Encouragement; Enforcement; Evaluation (planning).
But in looking at the 2011 edition of the Minneapolis Bicycle Master Plan, Minneapolis also lists Equity as a sixth E, specifying three areas of focus:
- Need for Geographic Equity: Geographic equity ensures that all parts of the city will see the same types of facilities at the same density and quality.
- Need for Demographic Equity: Demographic equity ensures that people of all age, race, ethnicity, and gender are treated equally.
- Need for Modal Equity: Modal equity is achieved when bicycling is treated as an equal mode of transportation alongside autos, trucks, motorcycles, buses, and pedestrians.