Rebuilding Place in the Urban Space

"A community’s physical form, rather than its land uses, is its most intrinsic and enduring characteristic." [Katz, EPA] This blog focuses on place and placemaking and all that makes it work--historic preservation, urban design, transportation, asset-based community development, arts & cultural development, commercial district revitalization, tourism & destination development, and quality of life advocacy--along with doses of civic engagement and good governance watchdogging.

Monday, March 30, 2015

My "ungood" ideas submitted to the DC Appleseed contest (Reprint from May 2006)

I was looking up something to reference in an email and came across this old post, which is still relevant and demonstrates the consistency of my proscriptions, as well as the inertia of present practice.

In 2006, DC Appleseed Center had a "good ideas for the city" contest. None of mine were picked--based on citizen voting. I seem to recall that the winning ideas were somewhat convoluted. I don't imagine any of the three made it to the implementation stage.

-- Solving DC Problems

But I do think there is room for more of these kinds of activities and ventures.

1. Create a combined Central Library, City Museum and Visitors Center

A city that's a great place to live is also a great place to visit. Great cities treasure their history and knowledge.

The chronic underfunding of our libraries and the crisis of the DC Archives, and the failure of the City Museum ought to tell us that it's time to rethink these seemingly unconnected planning efforts.

Instead of separate planning initiatives for a central library, the DC Archives, and cultural heritage interpretation initiatives such as a City Museum, plus the "Visitors Center" that people mention--think about combining the functions into one place.

For a number of difficult market development reasons (the Federal Experience defines D.C. and most of the related attractions are free) it is difficult for an independent museum focused upon local history to be successful.

And, we ought to have a good visitors center, like Baltimore's, to help orient people to the city.

That's why I argue for a "cultural resources management plan" for the city, to encompass historic preservation, cultural heritage interpretation, tourism aspects, asset harvesting and development, archival and collections issues, and related arts and cultural activities.

Money from the taxes that support the Convention Center and the Washington Convention and Tourism Corporation should support these activities, not just marketing the city to people from other countries.

A combined Central Library, City Museum and Visitor Center would allow us to harvest the treasures that DC has in abundance.

2. Advisory Neighborhood Commissions are a beautiful concept of civic engagement, but lacking a training infrastructure, too frequently they operate far below the ideal.

DC's Advisory Neighborhood Commissions were created to provide nonpartisan, grassroots government. An elected Commissioner represents a district of 2,000. Councilmember Catania describes the mission thusly: "To provide community-based input to the urban policy-making process.

ANCs are only as effective as the knowledge base of the Commissioners and those constituents who chose to participate in committees (if they are allowed--many ANCs do not provide for resident membership on committees).

The learning and training infrastructure to support informed decision-making doesn't exist. An Office of the ANC provides some support and organizational assistance, but most DC government agencies provide little training about the matters that come before ANCs--such as zoning, planning, public space, transportation, alcoholic beverage licensing, etc.

Some ANCs have members that are quite knowledgeable, but many do not. Local newspapers frequently report on the malfeasance or misfeasance of ANCs and/or ANC Commissioners.

Often, ANCs make decisions without careful consideration. This demonstrates a weakness in participatory democracy, a dearth of informed representatives.

There are best practices examples from around the country that could be adopted in DC to help make ANCs truly a powerful agent for neighborhood improvement, by building a training infrastructure for civic engagement:

- Minneapolis Neighborhood Revitalization Planning program;
- Massachusetts Citizen Planner Training Collaborative;
- Dallas Public Library Urban Information Center; and
- the training models of the volunteer-based Main Street commercial district revitalization program, Project for Public Spaces, and the Asset-Based Community Development Institute.

[Note: re-reading this reminded me of a late 1970s program at the University of Massachusetts, the Citizen Involvement Training Project, which is another model.  They produced a number of training manuals, now out-of-print, that I now realize had a lot of impact on my thinking about these issues.  I came across them because I used to look at course book lists at the college bookstore, and these items were required for community organizing classes in the School of Social Work.]

3. Expanding the idea of the "People's Counsel" to BZA, Zoning Commission, and Alcohol Beverage Control Board Matters.

A problem with regulation is that the system can be gamed through lobbying. Businesses, with much more at stake with regard to the benefit from shaping how they are regulated, expend a lot of money to ensure that they do well or to get what they want.

This is nothing new. The Abramoff Scandal at the Federal level is just one example. But this happens every day, especially at the local level in Washington, DC.

It's difficult for ground-up citizen groups to compete with the traditional business and business-backed forces. There are tremendous imbalances in terms of financial and paid-for staff resources, as well as technical competence, access to technological resources, etc.

This is why I suggest that the "Office of People's Counsel" model used to "represent the public interest" with regard to public utility matters, including rate increases, needs to be extended to land use and planning issues wrt matters before the Zoning Commission, Board of Zoning Adjustment, and the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board.

There are many examples of DC neighborhood groups and residents retaining counsel to represent citizen interests before the above-named boards.

Making citizens pay, like the $500,000 being charged to Clarksburg, Maryland residents fighting the failure of Montgomery County to adequately regulate development in their area, is unreasonable, and again is an instance of protecting citizen rights being more of a privilege of income rather than an income-neutral right of all citizens.

[Note: since writing this I've learned that some counties do have a micro-version of this concept, where a "People's Counsel" defends and represents the Master Plan.  It seems to be on the wane though.  And I have different ideas about some fixes to the alcoholic beverage sales licensing process, which this reminds me I haven't written about.]

4. Promoting anti-litter behavior through experiential learning in [DC Public] school[s]

With regard to litter, one of the biggest problems is that people lack a sense of connectedness to the environment, an ethic about trash, litter, and responsibility. The best way to address this is to build its development into our learning system, not just within schools but more broadly.

But I am getting ahead of myself. For many many years I have been intrigued by an article ("Where Children Rule,") I read not quite ten years ago in the New York Times Sunday Magazine about elementary education in Japan. In Japan, the schools don't have custodians; the children are responsible for cleaning the school. Now, it might not get quite as clean as it should, but the kids learn about what happens when they make messes...

Similarly, in efforts on litter interdiction in the H Street NE neighborhood, I made the following suggestion (although I am no longer involved with H Street Main Street, so I didn't execute it):
I think that every elementary school should have a fall and a spring cleanup activity around a minimum of a one block radius around the school. This should be done in conjunction with local organizations. But every school in the city should do it, every fall, and every spring, every year...

Children become adults. And they would learn how to properly dispose of trash (and ideally, eventually, that it's a good idea to create less trash). Some of the trash littering our streets and sidewalks ends up in the Anacostia and Potomac Rivers...

5. Build a community of learning centered around the schools through family learning contracts.

Until we have families and peer groups that support learning, we're not going to be able to improve outcomes. School systems can only do so much.

There is an interesting article ("Your Company's Secret Change Agents") about "positive deviance" in the May 2005 issue of the Harvard Business Review. It includes a case study about the schools in an impoverished state in Brazil where the teachers hadn't been paid in 6 months, and the test results for the entire province were about 50% worse than the national average.

Yet some schools were amongst the highest performers in the country.

It turned out this occurred because these schools engaged the entire family into the process of achieving academic success by creating family learning contracts. Parents were also motivated to do this because they were often illiterate, and literate children were able to help connect the family to government services by being able to read, write, and translate information about the programs.

This provided an additional sweetener, making the whole family committed to and engaged in the classroom success of their child(ren).

This idea of the family learning contract has a lot of relevance to urban school systems. Schools only have children for 6-8 hours/day. The rest of the time they are under the influence of peers, parents, and other members of the community. We can begin to right this process by getting the whole family committed to and participating in the learning life of their children.

[Positive deviance as a change strategy is built around the idea that while most organizations will resist the importation of "best practices" as somehow being inapplicable due to unique circumstances either at the best practice site or "here," all organizations, even the most dysfunctional, have pockets of excellence that have succeeded despite all the same conditions impacting all of the organization.  The model aims to "export" the successful program to the rest of the organization and it can't be resisted because "it was invented here."]

Almost 9 years later, I think this is still a good list.  Were I to add just one more idea, it would be to institute participatory budgeting as a way to prioritize and allocate citizen-led appropriations to support community development and cultural activities in the city.  See:

- Missing the point on constituent service/discretionary funds available from legislators"

Although I could come up with others.

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At 11:31 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

OK- I can think of one item that would vastly improve DC as a place to live and make the choice of moving here orliving here not so damn onerous- we desperately need to reform the way jury duty is done here in DC. Right now it is an incredible imposition on non criminal tax paying good citizens. DC has probably the most demanding jury duty requirements in the entire country- and grand jury is a nightmare. Lawyers all say the same tired tripe- " there is no other way and we cannot get enough people"- Oh really now? Howabout getting creative then[ lawyers are NOT creative people ] I brought up this concept with an attorney neighbor- who lauded it and thought that it would actually work- let's give tax increment financing or outright tax breaks to those who serve on jurys or grand juries- in other words- make it into something that is celebrated- and something people have to compete for because it is so rewarding or fun. Yes- this could be done- but evidently our public officials have forgotten that our founding fathers wanted us to experiment- and that our society and system was never perfect- despite the propaganda they feed us in the waitning room at jurt duty telling us that ours is the "best in the world" crap- baloney. We can do much better.

At 2:39 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

@Anonymous 11:31:
Having lived in DC for nearly 40 years and having experienced the jury service process during that time, IMHO there has been tremendous improvement.

Currently, I'm on a 3-day-a-week Grand Jury (first time for G.J.) that will last 8 weeks total with two follow-up days. My current employer allows it and my union will cover salary up to 30 days, so there is no hardship in a defined-limits service.

The "probable cause" standards for indictments are much lower (remember Sol Wachtler's quip about getting a GJ to indict a ham sandwich) than the "beyond a reasonable doubt" standards of jury trials. It is an interesting experience wherein I've met 22 other DC residents--perfect strangers until now, and from all walks and stripes of life. Everyone has a perspective and an accompanying opinion.

My only real concern is how--and how much--justice is being served by this system.


At 2:49 PM, Blogger Richard Layman said...

Grand Jury is pretty hard.

But it is an amazing experience in terms of understanding how things work in the city, especially in terms of crime, where it occurs, where it festers, how "the system" is focused more on maintenance of current conditions rather than scalar improvement.

It was an essential experience for rethinking in significant ways my approach to equity planning--although the ideas, 2 years later, are still gestating and I haven't fully articulated them.

I have never been selected for a regular jury though.

don't know which type of GJ that EE is on. Mine focused on "drugs, guns, stolen vehicles, and paper offenses." But we heard testimonies on murders, assaults, and robberies too, even if we never voted on indictments for those matters.

It's very sobering.

At 5:54 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Sounds like you were on the same kind of "Superior Court" (rather than federal) grand jury. They have instituted a Rapid Indictment Program (RIP) to deal quickly with recent drug and gun incidents and possible indictments. We've already voted on a bunch of those.

The more violent charges usually have multiple witnesses and ongoing investigations. Some are old enough that they've already been through a couple of GJ's and we probably won't get to vote on them either. Can't say that I'm unhappy about that.

Unfortunate that the folks involved with the drug and gun charges can't demonstrate the same creativity for legal pursuits.

At 6:31 PM, Blogger Richard Layman said...

yep, that's a term I forgot, "RIP". That was us in our jury period.

At 8:38 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

there were two people who lost their jobs because they had to comply with th elaw and sit on the grand jury I was on. This is unfair- even if they were part time jobs- this is an unfair burden on many people even if you may have reasons for liking it.

At 11:09 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Phil Mendelsohn already conducted a lengthly report detailing just how bad DC's jury system- especially our grand jury system is- in comparison to states- and little from this report has ever been implemented. The recommendations have been ignored.


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